[As most readers' browsers will lack the capability of reproducing Polish accents and Cyrillic fonts, these have been omitted at this time.]

The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (then including today's Belarus and Ukraine) formed a political and dynastic union in 1386.  A system of heraldic clans, already in existence in Poland, was extended to Lithuania via the adoption into as many Polish clans of forty-seven Lithuanian and Ruthenian noblemen at Horodlo in 1413.    The Union of Both Nations was renewed at Lublin in 1569, and endured until its three-stage partitions at the hands of Prussia, Austria, and Russia: 1772, 1793, and 1795. 


Bibliographies and general sources:

Pawel Dudzinski, Alfabet heraldyczny [Heraldic Alphabet], Warsaw, 1997.
— General survey including European heraldry.

Wlodzimierz Dworzaczek, Genealogia, 1959.
— includes a critical tour d'horizon of the armorial literature of Poland.   The latter was translated by William F. Hoffman and appeared in the newsletter of the Polish Genealogical Society of the United States in sections during the early 1990s.

Piotr Dymmel,  Ludzie i Herby w Dawnej Polsce [People and Arms in the Polish Past], Lublin, 1995.
— An anthology of articles.

Marian Gumowski, Handbuch der Polnischen Heraldik [Handbook of Polish Heraldry], Graz, 1969.

Janina Hoskins, Polish Genealogy & Heraldry — An Introduction to Research, Library of Congress, Washington, 1987, reprinted by Hippocrene Books, New York, 1990.
— A bibliography based on the LOC collection which lists all major references and most minor ones.

D. Jelinska-Marchal, editor, with assistance of Z. Judycki, The Polish Armorial Polonaise, Bibliotheque Albi Corvi, Chateau-Thierry, France, 1988.
An excellent handbook containing a very useful bibliography, along with an introductory essay on the history and characteristic features of Polish heraldry, précis of basic data on 71 most common coats of arms and armorial clans, a list of 8520 noble surnames, a list of 5780 surname/clan identifications, and 500 illustrations of Polish coats of arms reproduced from Niesiecki.

Andrzej Kulikowski, Heraldyka Szlachecka [Noble Heraldry], Warsaw, 1990.

Norbert Eugeniusz Malinowski, Heraldyka — To Jest Nauka o Herbach [Heraldry  — i.e., the Science of Blasonry], Warsaw, 1841.

Stanislaw Hrabia Mieroszowski, Kilka Slow o Heraldyce Polskiej [A Few Notes on Polish Heraldry], Cracow, 1887, reprinted Lodz, 1983.

J.H. Pinches,  European Nobility and Heraldry — A Comparative Study of the Titles of Nobility and Their Heraldic Exterior Ornaments for Each Country, With Historical Notes, Ramsbury, Wiltshire, 1994.

Jozef Szymanski, Herbarz Sredniowiecznego Rycerstwa Polskiego [Armorial of the Medieval Polish Knighthood], Warsaw, 1993.

Josef Szymanski,  Herbarz rycerstwa polskiego z XVI wieku [Armorial of the Polish Knighthood in the 16th Century], Warsaw, 2001.

Jerzy Wislocki, editor, with assistance by Ryszard Marciniak and Stanislaw Potocki, Herby rycerstwo polskiego na zamku w Korniku [Arms of Polish Knights from the Castle of Kornik], Kornik, 1991.
— Anthology of material from the extensive collection in the library of Kornik castle covering 71 of the best known Polish coats of arms.


Early international sources (Rolls of Arms):

Adam Heymowski,  La chevalerie du royaume de Pologne dans les armoriaux occidentaux des XIVe et XV siecle, in Les Armoriaux Medievaux, Cahiers de Leopard d’Or, 8, Paris, 1997.

Polish coats of arms are illustrated in eight European manuscript, and one printed, rolls of arms (in chronological order):

1) Armorial Gelre Holland (1370-1414).

GELRE B.R. Ms. 15652-56  [Brussels, Bibliotheque Royale Manuscript 156252-56], Leuven, 1992.
  Gelre armorial, compiled by Claes Heinenzoon, called Gelre, in Guelderland and Holland 1370-1414.

2) Armorial Bellenville (1377-1378).

Leon Jequier, L’Armorial Bellenville, Cahiers d’Heraldique V, Paris, 1983.

Adam Heymowski, Herby polskie w paryskim Armorial Bellenville [Polish Coat of Arms in the Armorial Bellenville in Paris], Studia Zrodlozawcze [Original Studies], volumes 32/33.


3) Livre de la confrerie Saint-Christofe de l’Arlberg Tyrol (late 14th-early 15th centuries).

4) Chronique du concile de Constance  Ulrich von Richental (1414-1418).


5) Armorial de la Toison d’or  (1434-1435).

L. Larchey, Ancien Armorial Equestre de la Toison d’Or et de l’Europe au 15e siécle [Ancient Armorial of Knights of the Order of the Golden Fleece and of Europe from the 15th Century], Paris, 1890.
— Facsimile reprint of early 15th century MS in the collection of the Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal  in Paris. Not seen. “Contains 50 Polish coats of arms, some known to armorialists only from this source.”

Rosemary Pinches and Anthony Wood (editors),  A European Armorial— An Armorial of the Knights of the Golden Fleece and 15th Century Europe from a Contemporary Manuscript — With an Introduction to Polish Heraldry by Bernard J. Klec-Pilewski, London, 1991.
  A partial reprint, partially in color, of the same MS. edited by Larchey in 1890 above, Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal  MS 4790.  Actually, some 66 Polish coats of arms are illustrated.

6) Armorial Lyncenich (circa 1440).

Adam Heymowski,  Herby polskie w brukselskim Armorial Gymnich, recte Lyncenich [Polish Arms in the Gymnich Armorial in Brussels, properly called Lyncenich], Studia Zrodlozawcze [Original Studies], volume 12, 1967

7) Armorial or codex Bergshammar (circa 1440).
— contains about 80 Polish and Lithuanian coats of arms.

Adam Heymowski, Herby polskie w sztokholmskich Codex Bergshammar [Polish Coats of Arms in the Codex Bergshammar in Stockholm], Studia Zrodlozawcze [Original Studies], volume 29, 1985.

8) Armorial of Conrad Gruenenberg (1483).

9) Chronique du concile de Constance  (incunabula of 1483).


Early Polish sources (pre-Niesiecki):

Marek Ambrozy, Arma Regni Poloniae [Coats of Arms of the Kingdom of Poland], Antwerp, 1562.

Marcin Bielski, Kronika Polska [Chronicle of Poland], Cracow, 1564.

Jan Dlugosz, Insignorum Clenodiorum Regis et Regni Polonie Descriptio Feliciter [Armorial Devices of the Crown and Kingdom of Poland Fully Described], in Marijan Friedberg‘s Klejnoty Dlugoszowe — Krytyczne opracowali na nowo wydal [Dlugosz’s Arms — A Critical Examination in a Modern Edition], Rocznik polskiego towarzytwa heraldycznego [Annual of the Polish Heraldic Association], No. X -1930, Cracow, 1931.
—The earliest title in the heraldic literature of Poland, composed between 1469 and 1480.

Wojciech Wijuk Kojalowicz, Herbarz Rycerstwa W.X. Litewskiego tak zwany COMPENDIUM O Klejnotach albo Herbach ktorych Familie Stanu Rycerskiego W Prowincyach Wielkiego Xiestwa Litweskiego Zazywaja [An Armorial of the Knighthood of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania which is called COMPENDIUM, in which the Coats of Arms or Heraldry of the Noble Families of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania are Explored], Cracow, 1897.
— Kojalowicz (1609-1677) was, like Niesiecki, a member of the Jesuit order. His armorial was known to Niesiecki in MS. The Compendium was written in Polish; the larger Nomenclator in Latin.

Wojciech Wijuk Kojalowicz, Herby szlachty Wielkiego Ksiestwa Litewskiego zwany Nomenclator [An Armorial of the Nobility of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania which is called Nomenclator], Cracow, 1905.
— Unfinished, covering the letters A through K, edited by Franciszek Piekosinski from the Latin MS. titled Nomenclator familiarum et stemmatum M. Ducatus Lituaniae [Nomenclator, A Collection of Names of the Families and Clans of the grand Duchy of Lithuania], reprinted Cracow, 1965.

Marcin Kromer, De Origine et Rebus Polonorum [On the Origin and History of the Poles], Cracow, 1555.

Szymon Okolski, Orbis Polonus in quo antiqua Sarmatarum gentilitia, pervetvstae nobilitatis Polonae insignae, vetera & noua indigenatus meritorum praemia & arma specificantur & relucent [Polish Encyclopedia of the ancient Sarmatian families, the history of the coats of arms of the nobles of Poland old and new, their origin as awards for honorable deeds & the arms themselves specifically described and emblazoned], 3 volumes, Cracow, 1641-45.

Bartosz Paprocki, Panosza, tj. herby znakomitychfamilii wojewodztwa ruskiego i podolskiego [Gentility, i.e. an Armorial of the Distiguished Families of Galicia and Podolia], 1575.

Bartosz Paprocki, Gniazdo cnoty [The Nest of Virtue], 1578.

Bartosz Paprocki, Herby rycerstwa polskiego [Coats of Arms of Polish Knights], Cracow, 1584, reprinted Cracow, 1858, reprinted Warsaw 1982.

W. Potocki, Poczet herbow [Catalogue of Arms], Cracow, 1696.

Antoni Swach, Herby Polskie.. [Polish Coats of Arms], Poznan, 1705, reprinted Warsaw 1991.


Kasper Niesiecki, Korona Polska [The Polish Crown], 4 volumes, Lwow, 1728-1744, reprinted as Herbarz Polski [Polish Armorial], in enlarged second edition including Ignacy Krasicki’s Dopiski do Herbarza Niesieckiego [Additions to Niesiecki’s Armorial], 10 volumes, Leipzig, 1839-1846, reprinted 1979 and 1989.
— Watershed compilation marking the beginning of modern critical scholarship’s scrutiny of the characteristically panegyric and mythological medieval heraldic literature of Poland.


Modern, i.e. post-Niesiecki’s 1728 first volume, armorials:

Adam Boniecki, Poczet rodow w Wielkim Ksiestwie Litweskim w XV i XVI wieku [Catalogue of Families of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 15th and 16th Centuries], Warsaw, 1887.

Adam Boniecki, Herbarz polski; wiadomosci historyczno-genealogiczne o rodach szlacheckich [Polish Armorial: Historical and Genealogical Information on Noble Families], Warsaw, 16 volumes and supplements, 1899-1914.

Jerzy Seweryn Dunin-Borkowski, Spis nazwisk szlachty polskiej [A List of the Surnames of the Polish Nobility], Lwow, 1887, reprinted Warsaw 1997.
—Drawn from a variety of primary sources in addition to the earlier armorial literature.

Benedyct Chmielowski, Zbior Krotki Herbow Polskich oraz Wslawionych cnota i naukami Polakow [A Short Collection of Polish Coats of Arms as well as Polish Persons Renowned for Learning and Virtue], Warsaw, 1763.

Tadeusz Gajl, Polskie Rody Szlacheckie i Ich Herby [Polish Noble Families and their Coats of Arms], Bialystock Zascianki, 1999.

Slawomir Gorzynski and Jerzy Kochanowski, Herby szlachty polskiej [Arms of the Nobility of Poland], Warsaw, 1992.

Josef Alexandr Jablonowski, Heraldica, To Jest Osada Kleynotow Rycerskich y Wiadomosc Znakow Herbownych dotad w Polszcze nieobiasniona, Inne do tego przydatki Rzeczy ciekawych do Domow Szlacheckich nalezacych  [Heraldry, i.e. the Blasoning of Knightly Arms and the Knowledge of the Heraldic Charges Up Until Now Little Understood in Poland, With an Up to the Present Supplement on Curious Matters Pertaining to the Noble Families], Lwow, 1742.

S.J. Starykon-Kasprzycki, Polska encyklopedja szlachecka [Encyclopedia of Polish Nobility], 12 volumes, Warsaw, 1935–1938, reprinted Warsaw,1994.
— Controversial author who is widely regarded as unreliable. Nonetheless, the most comprehensive syntoptical reference encompassing most significant earlier sources.

Ewaryst Andrzej Kuropatnicki, Wiadomoszci o herbach domow szlacheckich w Koronie i W. X. Litewskim [Information on the Coats of Arms of the Noble Families of the Polish Crown and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania], Warsaw, 1798.

Piotr Nalecz-Malachowski, Zbior nazwisk szlachty z opisem herbow wlasnych familiom zostaiancym w Krolestwie Polskim i Wielkim Xienstwie Litewskim [A list of names of the Polish nobility together with the description of their coats of arms in the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania], Lublin, 1805.

Ignacy Kapica Milewski, Herbarz — Dopelnienie Niesieckiego [An Armorial Suplement to Niesiecki], Cracow, 1870, reprinted Warsaw, 1988.

Mariusz Niesobski,  Popularny Herbarz rodzin i rodow polskich [Popular Armorial of Polish Families and Clans], Tychy, N.D.

Mykolaj Pawliszczew, Herbarz Rodzin Szlachechich Krolestwa Polskiego Najwyzej Zatwierdzony [An Armorial of Noble Families Confirmed in the Kingdom of Poland Up to the Most Recent Date], two volumes, Warsaw, 1853.
—In both Russian and Polish.

Hipolit Stupnicki, Herbarz Polski i imionospis zasluzonych Polsce ludzi wszystkich stanow i czasow; ulozony poradnikiem alfabetycznym na podstawie herbarza Niesieckiego i manuskryptow [Polish Armorial and list of Polish men of merit from all social classes and periods; arranged alphabetically following Niesiecki’s Armorial and manuscripts.], Lwow, 3 vol., 1855-1862, reprinted London, 1963.

Seweryn Uruski and A. Kosinski, Rodzina, Herbarz Szlachty Polskiej [The Family: An Armorial of the Polish Nobility], Warsaw, 14 volumes in 9, 1904-1917, currently being reprinted in Poznan.

Waclaw Warszycki, Imion W Herbownych Z Urodzenia Szlachetnego Uroczystosca Wyrachowanych Summaryusz Dowodnem, Autorow Swiadectwy Wsparty Przez Urodzonego Waclawa Warszyckiego Ziemianina Leczyckiego Woiwodstwa Do  Druku Podany Roku 1782 [Names of Armigers of Noble Birth Solemnly Rendered and Enumerated Conclusively, Authoritatively Certified by the Efforts of the Gentleman Waclaw Warzycki, Landowner of the Palatinate of Leczyc, Given to the Press in the Year 1782], Gdansk, 1782.

Wojciech Wieladek, Heraldyka; czyli, Opisanie herbow w iakim ktory iest ksztalcie, oraz familie rodow tey szlacty polskiey i W. X. Litewskiego, z ich herbami [Heraldry; or, a Description of the Noble Families of poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and their Coats of Arms], Warsaw, 5 volumes, 1792-1798.

J. K. Wilczynski, Herbarz starodawnej szlachty polskiej podlug heraldykow polskich z dopelnieniem do czasow obecnych [Armorial of Ancient Polish Nobility Drawn from Polish Heraldic Sources with a Supplement on Recent Times], Paris, 1858-1866.
— Actually some eighteen articles on as many individual families from Lithuania.

Wiktor Wittyg and Stanislaw Dziadulewicz, Nieznana szlachta polska i jej herby [The Unknown Polish Nobility and Their Arms], Cracow, 1908, reprinted Warsaw,1994.

Emilian von Zernicki-Szeliga, Der Polnische Adel [The Polish Nobility], 2 volumes, Hamburg, 1900.
— Strong syntoptic source, second only to Kasprzycki, more accessible to most American readers being in German.

Emilian von Zernicki-Szeliga,  Geschichte des Polnischen Adels [History of the Polish Nobility], Hamburg, 1905.

Emilian von Zernicki-Szeliga,  Der Polnische Klein-Adel im 16. Jahrhundert [The Polish Petty Gentry in the 16th Century], Hamburg, 1907.


Coats of Arms and their Variations:

Stanislaw Kostka Teodor Aleksander Chrzanski, Tablice Odmian Herbowych [Collection of Variant Arms], Warsaw, 1909.
—Valuable colored illustrations. The author served in the Heraldic College of the Congress Kingdom from 1841 to the time of its dissolution in 1848.
— Available on-line at:

Juliusz Ostrowski, Ksiega herbowa rodow polskich [Book of Polish Family Arms], Warsaw, two volumes, but published in parts, 1897-1906, reprinted in one volume Poznan, 1999. 
— A unique compilation of variations and individual Polish coats of arms.  It was issued in parts over a period of years, and most copies end with the letter S.  A complete copy is rumored to exist in a private American collection.


Individual Heraldic Clans:

Oleg Jardetsky, The Ciolek of Poland, Graz, 1992.

Wladyslaw Semkowicz, Rod Awdancow w wiekach szrednich [Clan Abdank in the Middle Ages], Poznan, 1920.


Regional Studies:


Antoni Bilinski, Szlachta Ziemi Dobrzynskiej za Ostatnich Jagiellonow - Studium Historyczno-Heraldyczne [The Nobility of the District of Dobrzyn during the Last Jagiellonians - An Historical and Heraldic Study], Warsaw, 1932.



Jan Ciechanowicz, Herby rycerskie Wielkiego Ksiestwa Litewskiego [Knightly Families of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania], 5 volumes, Rzeszow, 2001.

Edmundas Rimsza, The Heraldry of Lithuania I, Vilnius 1998.
— Lithuanian National, Civic, & Provincial Heraldry.



Orshanskii Herbovnik [The Armorial of Orsha], Vitebsk, 1900.
— A printed publication of the official armorial record book for the district of Orsha.



Krzysztof Jakubowski, editor,  Herby szlacheckie na Slasku — Podreczny herbarz rycerstwa, mieszczanstwa I innych osob nobilitowanych na terenach rdzennie slaskich do roku 1618 [Arms of the Nobility of Silesia — An Armorial Handbook of the Knighthood, Townsmen, and Others Ennobled in the Specific Territory of Silesia in 1618], A-B, Wroclaw, 2001.

Krzysztof Jakubowski, Herby szlacheckie na Slasku — Podreczny herbarz rycerstwa, mieszczanstwa I innych osob nobilitowanych na terenach rdzennie slaskich do roku 1618 [Arms of the Nobility of Silesia — An Armorial Handbook of the Knighthood, Townsmen, and Others Ennobled in the Specific Territory of Silesia in 1618], C-G, Wroclaw, 2001.

Malgorzata Kaganiec,  Rodowod Herbu Slaskiego [Genealogy of the Arms of Silesia], Katowice, 1991.
— History of the Silesian crescented eagle.

Malgorzata Kaganiec, Heraldyka Piastow Slaskich — 1146-1707 [Heraldry of Silesian Piasts — 1146-1707], Katowice, 1992.

Hans Von Mosch (editor),  Schlesisches Wappenbuch von Crispin und Johann Scharffenberg  [Silesian Armorial of Crispin and Johann Scharffenberg], Neustadt an der Aisch, Germany, 1984.



Francisek Piekosinski, Herbarz Szlachty Witebskiej [Armorial of the Nobility of Vitebsk], Cracow, 1898, reprinted Poznan, 1998.


Tartar Families and Their Arms:

Stanislaw Dumin, Herbarz Rodzin Tatarskich Wielkiego Ksiestwa Litewskiego [Armorial of Tatar Families of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania], Gdansk, 1999.

Stanislaw Dziadulewicz, Herbarz Rodzin Tartarskich w Polsce [Armorial of the Tartar Families of Poland], Wilno, 1929, reprinted Warsaw, 1986.


Titled Families and Their Arms:

Simon Konarski, Armorial de la Polonaise Titrée [Armorial of the Titled Polish Nobility], Paris, 1958.

Jozef Wolff, Kniaziowie Litwesko-Ruscy — od konca czternastego wieku [The Lithuanian-Ruthenian Princes — From the End of the 14th Century], Warsaw, 1895, reprinted Warsaw 1994.


Mythical Origins:

Marek Cetwinski and Marek Derwich,  Herby, Legendy, Dawne Mity [Coats of Arms, Legends, Ancient Myths], Wroclaw, 1989. 

Mariusz Kazanczuk, Staropolskie legendy herbowe [Old Polish Heraldic Legends], Wroclaw, 1990.
 — Compilation of legendary accounts of the origins of many of the better-known Polish arms, principally quoting Paprocki’s Gniazdo cnoty, but including such other early sources as Bielski, Stryjkowski, Potocki, and Niesiecki.

Jerzy Piechowski, Herby, magia, mity [Coats of Arms, Magic, and Myths], Warsaw, 1995.

Emilian von Zernicki-Szeliga, Der Polnische Stammwappen, ihre Geschichte und ihre Sagen [The Polish Clan Arms, their History and Legends], Hamburg, 1904.


Specialized Topics:

Marian Gumowski, Handbuch der Polnischen Siegelkunde [Handbook of Polish Seal Art], Graz, 1966.

E.H. Kneschke, Deutsches Adelslexicon [Dictionary of the German Nobility], Leipzig, 1859.

Szymon Konarski, Szlachta Kalwinska w Polsce [Calvinist Nobility of Poland], Warsaw, 1936.

Szymon Konarski, O heraldyce i "heraldycznym" snobizmie (Wydanie poprawione, uzupelnione i rozszerzone z aktualnym spisem polskich rodzin utytulowanych) [Of Heraldry and "Heraldic" Snobbery (Published Corrections and Additions to, and Subtractions from, the Authentic List of Polish Titled Families], Paris, 1967, reprinted Warsaw 1992.

Jerzy Lojko,  Sredniowieczne Herby Polskie [Medieval Polish Coats of Arms], Poznan, 1985.

Kazmierz Marcinkowski, Rodziny Zaszczycone Szlachectwem w Krolestwie Polskim 1815—1836 z Podaniem ich Herbow na Podstawie Dziennika Praw [Families Ennobled in the Kingdom of Poland 1815—1836, with their Traditional Arms, Based on Current Laws, Warsaw, 1907, reprinted Poznan 1993.

Miesiecznik Heraldyczny [Heraldic Monthly], Journal of the Towartystwo Heraldyczny [Heraldic Association] originally of Lwow, 18 volumes, published 1908-1939 with publication suspended 1916-1929.

Sylwiusz Mikucki, Marian Haisig, & Marian Gumowski, Sfragistyka [Sphragistics], Warsaw, 1960.

Franczisek Piekosinski,  O Dynastycznem Szlachty Polskiej Pochodzeniu [On the Dynastic Origins of the Polish Nobility], Cracow, 1888.

Franczisek Piekosinski,  Poczet herbow i proklamacyji herbowych [List of Coats of Arms and Battle-Cries], Cracow, 1898.

Franczisek Piekosinski, Heraldyka polska wiekow srednich [Polish Heraldry of the Middle Ages], Cracow, 1899.

Franczisek Piekosinski, Herbarz Szlachty Polskiej Wiekow Srednich [Armorial of the Polish Nobility in the Middle Ages], Cracow, 1905.

Franczisek Piekosinski, Studya, Rozprawy I Materialy z Dziedziny Historyi Polskiej i Prawa Polskiego — Tom VII — 1. Nieznane zapiski heraldyczne z ksiag wislickich., 2. Jana Zamoyskiego notaty heraldyczno-sfragistyczne [Studies, Discussions, and Material Relating to Polish History and Polish Law — Volume VII —  Unknown Heraldic Inscriptions in the Book of Wislica., 2. Jan Zamoyski’s Notes on Heraldic Sphragistics.], Cracow, 1907.

Walerian Nekanda Trepka, Liber Generationis Plebeanorum [Book of Generations of Plebians], also known as the Liber Chamorum [Book of the Sons of Ham, i.e. Bondsmen]. Original: late 1600s, reprinted 1995.
— A 17th century effort to debunk fraudulent claims to nobility and the right to bear arms.

Adam Szelagowski, Wici i Topory — Studyum Nad Geneza i Znaczenien Godel Polskich I Zawolan [War Cries and Battleaxes — A Study of the Origins and Meaning of Polish Emblems and Slogans], Cracow, 1914.

Boleslaw Ulanowski, Materialy do Historyi Prawa I heradyki Polskiej  [Materials on the History of Polish Law and Heraldry], Cracow, 1886.


Polish Heraldry Web sites:

(Functional as of 24 Sept 2002:)

Maly Herbarz Adama Kromera and others

Kalendarz Rycerskie Herby Polakow

Confederation of the Polish Nobility [Zwiazek Szlachty Polskiej]

Association of the Belarussian Nobility [Zhurtavannie Belaruskaj Sliachty]

Ośrodek Dokumentacji Wychodźstwa Polskiego -- Serwis heraldyczno –genealogiczny

-features access to Kazmierz Rymut’s 10 volume Slownik nazwisk wspolczesnie w Polsce uzywanych [Dictionary of Surnames in Current Use in Poland],

providing a count of contemporary occurences of surnames by province;  and a search engine identifying coats of arms associated with surnames.

Stanislaw Kostka Teodor Aleksander Chrzanski, Tablice Odmian Herbowych [Collection of Variant Arms], Warsaw, 1909.

Gelre Armorial On-line


(Disfunctional as of 18 March 2003:)

Belarussian Heraldy

Bibliothek fur Polnische Adelskunde

Herbarz (list of arms from the castle of Kornik)


© David Zincavage, 2003.